I am writing to make you familiar with the importance of the festival. Well, it is mainly celebrated to honour the Guru.
Guru literally means a spiritual guide or teacher that paves the way for ignorant. The word has its root from the Sanskrit which describes “Gu” as the darkness or ignorance and “Ru” means removal of the darkness. Hence the “Guru” means the figure that drives people to the field of knowledge from darkness (ignorance).
Reasons behind the Celebration
“Guru Purnima” the festival is celebrated to honour the Guru (teacher, mentor, religious saint and guide) who illuminates the lives of his disciples in the month of June-July on the full moon (Purnima)
As per the mythological evidence it is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of the great sage VED VYAS who made greatest contribution in dividing Vedic hymns into four parts and taught them to his four disciples called Paila, Vaisampayana, Jamin and Sumantu.
According to the other Vedic lore, on this, Lord Shiva became the first Guru i.e. Adi Guru while other suggest Gautam Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath on this day it is called Dhamma Cakkappavattana Sutta (Buddhist Text record the first teaching of Lord Buddha.)
In the southern part of the India where people believe that the great sage Vyas reincarnated as Shankaracharya. Hence, devotees worship Shankaracharya instead of Ved Vyas.
Well, as per the modern theory I understand it is celebrated to express gratitude to the religious Guru be it they are in the form of saints, mentor or the teacher. In my hometown, a large number of devotees gathered around the Sai Temple at Dharmpura singing in praise of Sai Baba of Shirdi. While others remember their sectarian mentors.
As per the mythological evidence, he was the grandfather of Kauvrav and Pandav and the author of the great epic the Mahabharata (largest poetic composition of the world) it contains 1000 hymns in it.
Based on their uses of rites and characteristics, Vyas divided Vedas into four categories and named them as Rig, Yajurved, Sam and Athrav based on their uses of rites and characteristics.
He was the authors of Bharmsutra and all 18 Puran and recited the great epic The Mahabharata. He also composed the Brahmsutra, one the shortest theologies of Hindu philosophy.
Well, Guru Purnima is nothing short of teacher’s day is celebrated here. However, Modern teachers day is mainly confined to the teachers in schools or colleges.